East India - Travel Guide to East India Tourism
Eastern India consists of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa and borders the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. The strive for Indian independence maintained strong roots in East India while it was the birthplace of Buddhism and Jainism making it a place rich in cultural heritage. There is said to be over 160 different tribes in the area making it a region full with diversity. Festivals, alternate cuisines and art can be discovered in this area. Another reason East India attracts people from around the world is for its natural heritage. Sprawled with national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and glimpses of the mountainous Himalayas in the background, this part of India is unmatched.
Famous for its holy places, beaches and beautiful forests, East India draws visitors throughout most of the year. Being in a humid-subtropical zone, summers can be very hot especially from March to June while winters are mild. The monsoon comes July to October which brings heavy rainfall that drives most tourists away.
With four states enveloped in East India, the attractions are endless. Go and explore the wild wilderness with its dense forests and stunning waterfalls, indulge in adventure activities such as trekking in Sikkim or dive into the divine waters surrounding the Andaman Islands to observe the distinctive marine life.
If visiting West Bengal, you will be thoroughly entertained with the wonders of the city. Visit the Howrah Bridge, the famous Victoria Memorial, the Botanical Garden and Birla Planetarium while immersing yourself in the colourful markets and festivals celebrated in this cultural hub. Escape the city with a trip to Darjeeling or Kalimpong to experience the true beauty East India possesses.
Bihar, one of the world’s oldest capital cities, will satisfy your spiritual quest being the land of Gautam Buddha. With the capital, Patna, nestled against the holy Ganga River and several Buddhist, Jain and Muslim sites in and around the city, Bihar serves as a cultural retreat from the vastly commercial cities of India. While Bihar can reach uncomfortable highs in summer, sometimes reaching 43°C, in the winter temperatures drop to single figures. If you’re a history buff then make sure you visit the Patna Museum to see the WW1 cannon and Buddhist sculptures on show here.
Recently separated from Bihar, Jharkhand is an East Indian state blanketed in forests and woodlands. Apart from its attractive environment, the Adivasis people who live here are both lovable and cheerful, making a visit here welcoming.
Orissa is a traveller’s paradise, known as the “Soul of India”. Situated on the coast, Orissa is home to a wide variety of wildlife and scenery. With pristine lakes, picturesque beaches and devout temples, it is a popular tourist destination. One must enjoy the long stretches of golden sandy beaches and absorb the enchanting scenery of the surrounds. Make sure you visit the Konark Sun Temple while you are here, one of the grandest temples India has to offer with its intricate carvings and sculpture work.
With such variety of nature and culture, East India should be prominent in your travel itinerary. Take in the marvellous sights and enjoy the festive calendar. Note that while Bengali, Hindi and Maithili are dominant languages of the region, English is commonly spoken so although it would be handy to know some of the native language, you are likely not to be stuck in communication.